The search for traces of man and his habitats brought clear evidence that in the present-day Racławice and its vicinity a human community was formed in the fourteenth century.
The name Racławice appears for the first time in the Chronicles of Jan Długosz (turn of the fourteenth / fifteenth century). The author mentions there that the peasants from Racławice brought to the camp the King of Poland Władysław Jagiełło (1410) for Sandomierz beef and venison salted in barrels for the army grouped there before the battle of Grunwald.
Also at that time, the village of Wrocimowice existed, from which the knight Maciej came from. At the Battle of Grunwald, he became famous for his great bravery.